Assembly of the African Union which met in Durban, South Africa From 9 to 10 July 2002 adopted the Protocol relating to the Establishment of the Peace and Security Council that included provisions on the establishment of the African Standby Force (ASF) and a Military Staff Committee as well as other 7 instruments. Article 13 of the PSC Protocol provides that ‘…on an African Standby Force shall be established. Such force shall be composed of standby multidisciplinary components with civilian and military components in their countries of origin and ready for rapid deployment at an appropriate notice.’
Suggestions on contribution and role of existing non-governmental and private data systems should also be used and their modalities properly defined i.e., South Africa training aspiring drone pilots to undergo an aviation course designed for accountability from the users, Private Military Corporations e.g., Executive Outcomes . The AU should provide guidance to Regional Economic Communities i.e., the private sector, etc., to ensure that brigades adhere to the same standards and achieve the same level of readiness as a national military . One of the requirements for successful peace support operations is the degree of political support and commitment that it receives or commands from the mandating authority.
A data collecting system, such as a blockchain, for maintaining a database on available civilian and police capability from which the AU could recruit individual civilians and police officers for various Africa Standby Forces’ missions have been instituted and started functioning. For Example, Kenya Police Reserve, a paramilitary consisting of trained civilians and armed groups to defend the against attackers in the Ilemi region failed due to lack of tailored high level Tactical Counter Terrorism Training programs, as resolution 1373 of Chapter VII of the U.N Security Council on Counter Terrorism Committees (C.T.C) advises.
The ability to also specialize in the manufacture and development of defense capabilities e.g., Gunnery Weapon Systems, Navigation systems, Tactical Shelters, etc., would reduce costs of defense and special forces upgrades to the governments’ convenience and improve the economy as well through the military industrial complexes.
Mainly because of the costs involved in setting up such arrangements, a conducive environment, depending on the rational choice employed, could be vital to a states and a subsystem’s foreign policy.