Archive for the ‘East African Community’ Category

Assembly of the African Union which met in Durban, South  Africa  From  9  to  10  July  2002  adopted  the Protocol  relating  to  the  Establishment  of  the  Peace  and  Security  Council  that  included  provisions  on  the  establishment of the African Standby Force (ASF) and  a  Military  Staff  Committee  as  well  as  other  7 instruments.  Article  13  of  the  PSC  Protocol  provides  that  ‘…on  an  African Standby Force shall be   established. Such force shall be composed  of  standby  multidisciplinary  components  with  civilian  and  military  components  in  their  countries  of  origin  and  ready  for  rapid  deployment  at  an  appropriate  notice.’

Suggestions  on  contribution and role of existing non-governmental  and  private  data systems should also be used and their modalities properly defined i.e., South Africa training aspiring drone pilots to undergo an aviation course designed for accountability from the users, Private Military Corporations e.g., Executive Outcomes . The AU should provide guidance to Regional Economic Communities i.e., the private sector, etc., to ensure that brigades adhere to the same standards and achieve the same level of readiness as a national military . One of the requirements for successful peace support operations is the degree of political support and commitment that it receives or commands from the mandating authority.

A data collecting system, such as a blockchain, for maintaining a database on available civilian and police capability from which the AU could recruit individual civilians and police officers for various Africa Standby Forces’  missions have  been  instituted and started  functioning.  For  Example,  Kenya  Police  Reserve,  a  paramilitary  consisting  of  trained  civilians  and  armed  groups  to  defend  the  against  attackers  in  the  Ilemi  region failed due to lack of tailored high level Tactical Counter Terrorism Training programs, as resolution 1373 of Chapter VII of the U.N Security Council on Counter Terrorism Committees (C.T.C) advises.

The ability to also specialize in the manufacture and development of defense capabilities e.g., Gunnery Weapon Systems, Navigation systems, Tactical Shelters, etc., would reduce costs of defense and special forces upgrades to the governments’ convenience and improve the economy as well through the military industrial complexes.

Mainly because of the costs involved in setting up such arrangements, a conducive environment, depending on the rational choice employed, could be vital to a states and a subsystem’s foreign policy.


By Nawiri Nerima

A host of challenges abound for the East African Community’s regional integration process.There’s lack of understanding and knowledge about the integration process by politicians and constituents (citizenry) ,writes @SIDEastAfrica‘s  Ahmed Salim in his review of  Ambassador Mwapachu’s book (Challenging the Frontiers of African Integration:Dynamics of Policies,Politics and Transformation in the East African Community).The previous stages of integration(Customs Union,Common Market) too haven’t as fully been implemented yet.Overlapping membership,poor infrastructure(East Africa is said to have the worst transport network in Africa) and poorly developed financial markets are the other conspicuous bottle-necks. This was two years ago. Today,inequality in the EAC cannot be wished away either.  Inequality in Kenya for instance  has been rising since 1995,according to a  new report by @SIDEastAfrica – The State of East Africa Report 2013 .The report offers new revealing information on the ‘Future of  Inequality in East Africa’, provides fresh insights, sparking the collective imagination and encouraging deeper citizen engagement with the processes that are shaping East Africa. Tomorrow from 9a.m (Conference Room), IDIS Forum for International Affairs under the auspices of the Institute of Diplomacy and International Studies at the University of Nairobi will host a half-day seminar on what the future of inequality contends for young people in the Community:


The session will feature a presentation –An EAC Overview and One People, One Destiny? – The Future of Inequality in East
Africa, byAidan Eyakuze , the principal author of the The State of East Africa Report 2013 and Associate Regional Director, Society for International Development.

Pertinent questions/issues arise on what the EAC integration process holds for its young populace’s future: