Archive for the ‘History’ Category

Assembly of the African Union which met in Durban, South  Africa  From  9  to  10  July  2002  adopted  the Protocol  relating  to  the  Establishment  of  the  Peace  and  Security  Council  that  included  provisions  on  the  establishment of the African Standby Force (ASF) and  a  Military  Staff  Committee  as  well  as  other  7 instruments.  Article  13  of  the  PSC  Protocol  provides  that  ‘…on  an  African Standby Force shall be   established. Such force shall be composed  of  standby  multidisciplinary  components  with  civilian  and  military  components  in  their  countries  of  origin  and  ready  for  rapid  deployment  at  an  appropriate  notice.’


Suggestions  on  contribution and role of existing non-governmental  and  private  data systems should also be used and their modalities properly defined i.e., South Africa training aspiring drone pilots to undergo an aviation course designed for accountability from the users, Private Military Corporations e.g., Executive Outcomes . The AU should provide guidance to Regional Economic Communities i.e., the private sector, etc., to ensure that brigades adhere to the same standards and achieve the same level of readiness as a national military . One of the requirements for successful peace support operations is the degree of political support and commitment that it receives or commands from the mandating authority.

A data collecting system, such as a blockchain, for maintaining a database on available civilian and police capability from which the AU could recruit individual civilians and police officers for various Africa Standby Forces’  missions have  been  instituted and started  functioning.  For  Example,  Kenya  Police  Reserve,  a  paramilitary  consisting  of  trained  civilians  and  armed  groups  to  defend  the  against  attackers  in  the  Ilemi  region failed due to lack of tailored high level Tactical Counter Terrorism Training programs, as resolution 1373 of Chapter VII of the U.N Security Council on Counter Terrorism Committees (C.T.C) advises.

The ability to also specialize in the manufacture and development of defense capabilities e.g., Gunnery Weapon Systems, Navigation systems, Tactical Shelters, etc., would reduce costs of defense and special forces upgrades to the governments’ convenience and improve the economy as well through the military industrial complexes.

Mainly because of the costs involved in setting up such arrangements, a conducive environment, depending on the rational choice employed, could be vital to a states and a subsystem’s foreign policy.

By Nawiri Nerima

Fourth August 1983 saw the Marxist revolutionary army captain Thomas Isidore  Noël Sankara take over the reigns of power in Burkina through the last but one military coup to date.Until recently,aptly  argues Houngnikpo, military incursion into politics on the continent was the norm rather than the exception, a phenomenon with deep roots in Africa’s colonial history. The characteristic role of the armed forces was to repress the majority peoples while supporting the status quo as it were. According to the 2012 AfDB Chief Economist Complex, the continent has seen more than 200 military coups staged since the post-independence epoch of 1960s, 45% of which have been ‘successful’. The pertinent question is whether military coups are good or bad, generally they seem to be bad (From Cairo to Bangui). Sankara’s regime however proves otherwise,at least as far as socio-economic conditions were concerned:

”The more radical the person is,the more fully he or she enters into reality so that,knowing it better,he or she can transform it.This individual is not afraid to confront,to listen,to see the world unveiled.This person is not afraid to meet  the people or to enter into a dialogue with them.This person does not consider himself or herself the proprietor of history or  of all the people,or the liberator of the oppressed but he or she does commit himself or herself,with history,to fight at their side.”-Paulo Freire [Pedagogy of the Oppressed]

The following links would prove very useful.

Why Africans Should Celebrate Thomas Sankara: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/michael-mungai/thomas-sankara_b_1588163.html

Burkina Faso: Revisiting Thomas Sankara, 26 Years Later: http://allafrica.com/stories/201310251691.html?viewall=1

Thomas Sankara: An Endogenous Approach to Development :http://www.pambazuka.org/en/category/features/89307

The Upright Man. Ten Lessons From Thomas Sankara: http://oyungapala.com/the-upright-man-ten-lessons-from-thomas-sankara/

7 Thomas Sankara Quotes About Women: http://www.msafropolitan.com/2011/11/sankara-quotes.html

25 Years On: The Mixed Legacy of Burkina Faso’s Thomas Sankara, Socialist Soldier        http://thinkafricapress.com/burkina-faso/mixed-legacy-thomas-sankara-socialist-soldier-25-year-anniversary