Archive for the ‘Uncategorized’ Category

Assembly of the African Union which met in Durban, South  Africa  From  9  to  10  July  2002  adopted  the Protocol  relating  to  the  Establishment  of  the  Peace  and  Security  Council  that  included  provisions  on  the  establishment of the African Standby Force (ASF) and  a  Military  Staff  Committee  as  well  as  other  7 instruments.  Article  13  of  the  PSC  Protocol  provides  that  ‘…on  an  African Standby Force shall be   established. Such force shall be composed  of  standby  multidisciplinary  components  with  civilian  and  military  components  in  their  countries  of  origin  and  ready  for  rapid  deployment  at  an  appropriate  notice.’

Suggestions  on  contribution and role of existing non-governmental  and  private  data systems should also be used and their modalities properly defined i.e., South Africa training aspiring drone pilots to undergo an aviation course designed for accountability from the users, Private Military Corporations e.g., Executive Outcomes . The AU should provide guidance to Regional Economic Communities i.e., the private sector, etc., to ensure that brigades adhere to the same standards and achieve the same level of readiness as a national military . One of the requirements for successful peace support operations is the degree of political support and commitment that it receives or commands from the mandating authority.

A data collecting system, such as a blockchain, for maintaining a database on available civilian and police capability from which the AU could recruit individual civilians and police officers for various Africa Standby Forces’  missions have  been  instituted and started  functioning.  For  Example,  Kenya  Police  Reserve,  a  paramilitary  consisting  of  trained  civilians  and  armed  groups  to  defend  the  against  attackers  in  the  Ilemi  region failed due to lack of tailored high level Tactical Counter Terrorism Training programs, as resolution 1373 of Chapter VII of the U.N Security Council on Counter Terrorism Committees (C.T.C) advises.

The ability to also specialize in the manufacture and development of defense capabilities e.g., Gunnery Weapon Systems, Navigation systems, Tactical Shelters, etc., would reduce costs of defense and special forces upgrades to the governments’ convenience and improve the economy as well through the military industrial complexes.

Mainly because of the costs involved in setting up such arrangements, a conducive environment, depending on the rational choice employed, could be vital to a states and a subsystem’s foreign policy.


Re blogged on

Source: Reading the Report of the African Union Commission of Inquiry on South Sudan (AUCISS)

”Many an African analyst/academician has up to now been using conceptual systems supposing a non-African epistemological locus.”

Reflections of a pan-Afrikanist

Without de-westernizing ‘truths’, the African Renaissance would be nothing but farcical, to say the least. This rebirth should be alive to the fact that those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it. But how do we remember this past if we cannot even authoritatively describe/define it? In the 16th century, Spanish missionaries judged and ranked human intelligence and civilization by whether the people practiced alphabetic writing. Towards the end of the 18th century and the beginning of the 19th century, the measuring stick for human intelligence and civilization was history and no longer alphabetic writing. That ‘people without history’ were located in a time ‘before’ the ‘present’. Thus people with history could write the history of those without.[1]This has fostered the notion of equating history, with writing about history as if before writing there was no history. [2] Wa Thiong’o notes that…

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Reflections of a pan-Afrikanist

The ‘human race’ has for thousands of years consumed water as if it were an inexhaustible natural resource. Indeed, the vast oceans and rivers as well as recently discovered aquifers have led us to believe that water is inexhaustible. However,the fact is, 97% of all the water on the earth is salt water- unsuitable for drinking or growing crops and technologies to desalinize are expensive and beyond the reach of most of the countries in Asia, Africa and Latin America. Of the freshwater resources, 70% is in the form of ice and permanent snow cover. Furthermore,available estimates,put freshwater lakes and rivers as constituting only 0.3% of the total freshwater useable for the entire human and animal population of the world (Vajpeyi, 2012:1).

Currently,Kenya and Hungary heads a group of 30 member states tasked with drafting the post-2015 Sustainable Development Goals- a set of mid-term global objectives to succeed the UN’s Millennium Development…

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Dear Andrew Mwenda

Posted: January 16, 2014 in Uncategorized

Friday's Thoughts

Dear Andrew M Mwenda,


You have become the news itself in recent times in a very interesting way. You constantly talk of intellectual engagement and debate in a way that restores hope for those who stop at listening to you, and ignore what your detractors say. I am one of those who love reading a well-reasoned argument and I have enjoyed reading those from you. I have of course also enjoyed reading and listening to your chest-thumping jokes, like the 2005 one, where you called Museveni a villager and called yourself a better President, and a security expert. Most recently, I loved your assertion of self-definition. You are Andrew Mwenda’s version of Andrew Mwenda, not what your fans and detractors perceive you as. Admirable.


Andrew Mujuni Mwenda is Founder of The Independent magazine – Photo byJeniffer Cheung, taken at Yale University 

So, what is my problem? Why am I…

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Posted: March 26, 2013 in Uncategorized

Reflections of a pan-Afrikanist

Baffour Ankomah’s writing never ceases to be thought-provoking.He is incapable of writing an unengaging read,talk of consciousness-raising.Baffour Ankomah is a Ghanaian journo.An editor of one of the creme de la creme pan-African publications-The New Africanmagazine,since July 1999,his column Baffour’s Beefs has been running since 1998 and no,make no mistake,I haven’t been around that long to have read my first copy of the New African { } in the late 90’s.I got my first copy of the New African in May last year and needless to say really,I instantaneously fell head-over-heels in  love with it.As a student who subscribes to the political ideology that is pan-Africanism,it follows that I naturally have a soft spot for engaging on the subject of Westernisation/Westernization and its subsequent impact and/or ramifications  on the African continent and the world.In an article published on Friday 15th February 2013,Baffour poses a…

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Posted: January 13, 2013 in Uncategorized

Reflections of a pan-Afrikanist

North Africa.

Comprising Algeria,Egypt,Libya,Morocco,Tunisia,Mauritania and Sudan,north Africa,as at 2012 had a total population of 220 million people.This is projected to reach 329million come 2050,inclusive of South Sudan.


Population: 36 million, Urban population: 73%,Health expenditure as percentage of GDP: 4.2%,Life expectancy: 73,Adult literacy: 73%, Mobile phone penetration: 99%, Main export: Petroleum oil,which accounts for 95% of exports and 45% of the national budget, Projected GDP growth for 2013: $214.45 billion (current GDP $206.55bn).

Egypt.Population: 82.5 million, Urban population: 44%, Health expenditure as percentage of GDP: 4.7%, Life expectancy: 73, Adult literacy: 72%, Mobile phone penetration: 101%, Main export: Petroleum oil, Current GDP: $255bn, Projected GDP growth for 2013: $275.9 billion.

Libya. Population: 6.4 million, Urban population: 78%, Health expenditure as percentage of GDP: 3.9%, Life expectancy: 74, Adult literacy: 89%, Mobile phone penetration: 156%, Main export: Petroleum oil, Current GDP: $85.1 billion, Projected GDP growth for 2013: $97.6billion.

Population: 3.5…

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The State of East Africa 2012. Deepening Integration, Intensifying Challenges.

The world’s largest platinum miner,Anglo American Platinum, agreed to hand over a 51% share of its mine in Zimbabwe under a new law requiring foreign owned firms to surrender majority stakes to black Zimbabweans.President Mugabe’s government say this  policy will help redress inequalities  caused by the country’s colonial past.Is this the right way to redress historical inequalities?Via BBC Africa.

46% of Kenyans still live below the poverty line.(less than a dollar a day). How do you think countries should redistribute wealth?Should Kenya adopt a similar policy?